Friday, July 11, 2008

DRM Related VLSI interview questions

These are some Questions asked by some-one from me.

  1. What are the difference between 45nm and 65nm routing rules? any new rule in the 45nm?
  2. Why foundry define DRM, routing rules?
  3. What is stack means? How many types of metal layers are in 65nm/45nm? Why metals are of different thickness?
  4. Why thin metal are in lower position and thick metals are at upper position in a defined Stack?
  5. What is the need of several types of metal layer in a design?
  6. What do you mean by RDL layer? Why it requires?
  7. How many types of routing? What is the sequence of that?
  8. Power is routed first or clock is routed first ? and why?
  9. what do you mean by notch rule? what is notch exactly (in terms of shape)?
  10. Why we code routing rules?
  11. What is stack VIA and why it requires?
  12. Why foundry define min spacing rules/min width rules?
  13. What do means by 65nm technology? Why it is saying 65nm?
  14. In terms of foundry what are the main difference in 65nm and 45nm technology? (means why technology is changing continuously? explanations from the foundry point of view.)
  15. What you think what are the challenges foundry face between two technology?
  16. what do u mean by crosstalk?
  17. How can you prevent this (crosstalk)?
  18. what do u mean by grid and non grid routing? which one is preferable and why?
  19. In magma tools , what is the concept behind sub grid?
  20. What are the different types of Grids?
  21. Why we use VIA array? Why not single large VIA in place of several via's?
  22. What do you mean by VIA overhang? Why it is needed?
  23. What do you mean by same grid spacing in VIAs?
  24. What is shielding? How can U shield a clock rail?
  25. The spacing between two single VIAs and spacing between via in VIA's array.. which one is smaller and why?
  26. How many types of spacing rules?
  27. How many types of width rules?
  28. What is fat wire? Why rules are define separately for this?
  29. How many layers are there in 130nm technology.
  30. What is min area rules?
  31. If the area of one metal layer is minimum from the min area rules then what should a designer do to prevent this?
  32. Routing rules are dependent on the types of metal used. Is it true or false and why?
  33. Why different types of metal layers (Al and Cu) are used in the design?
  34. What are the different types of Pitch?
  35. What do you mean by Pitch?

  1. What is antenna rules? Why it define? Explain from the point of view of foundry also.
  2. From where that accumulated charge come ?
  3. How this charge effect a gate? and why?
  4. How jumpers and diode prevent antenna violation?
  5. Which type of diode is used to prevent antenna violation and how it works?
  6. Where should be Jumper used?
  7. What are the different types of antenna violation rules?

  1. What is slotting rules?
  2. Why it define?
  3. How slots in the metal helps it?
  4. What is density rules?

  1. What is EM rules?
  2. Why they are define?
  3. How current density is dependent on temperature?
  4. How many types of rule are there in EM section?
  5. What is the significance of these rules from foundry point of view and from designer point of view?
  6. What are the difference between average current density and RMS current density? OR How many types of current density and what are the difference between them?

  1. Draw a diagram of CMOS. Explain different types of layers in it.
  2. What do you mean by diffusion layers?
  3. What is POD, NOD, Pwell, Nwell, N+,N++, P+, P++,Substrate, poly layer.
  4. What is Oxidation, Lithography?
  5. What is trench?
  6. What is masking?
  7. What is etching?

24 comments:

  1. answer for it.....plz send answer or link to my email id myfriends.kiran28@gmail.com.

    ReplyDelete
  2. we need the answer aswell please help us.... any links plss send me at tkhanazmee@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  3. sir plz upload answers of above mentioned questions...

    ReplyDelete
  4. Please send the link of all the answers

    ReplyDelete
  5. Please send me answers for these questions @ m94280@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. could you send me the answers, appreciate it so much! mingyuc92@gmail.com

      Delete
  6. answers please
    eng_ganna2008@yahoo.com

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. could you send me the answers, appreciate it so much! mingyuc92@gmail.com

      Delete
    2. crossdream5261@gmail.com
      please send me the answers
      thanks

      Delete
  7. did anyone get the answers to the question please send to kelechiuche84@yahoo.co.uk please

    ReplyDelete
  8. Please send me answers for these questions 91rakhigmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  9. please anyone send answers to 1990.hema@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  10. Please send me answers for these questions balu1599@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  11. Could you send me answers for these question to edwin.realm@gmail.com
    I can`t thank you more for your help.
    Thank You.

    ReplyDelete
  12. could you please send answer of these question to anandjbhatt@yahoo.in
    Thank you.

    ReplyDelete
  13. did any one got answers???

    ReplyDelete
  14. Any one got the answer, please mail me
    swathi.sareddy95@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  15. Any one got the answer, please mail me
    swathi.sareddy95@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  16. Please send me the answers in aousafur@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  17. i guess the whole point here is that you should KNOW the answers to these questions

    ReplyDelete
  18. Please send me the answers in prathamesh9493@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  19. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. This comment has been removed by the author.

      Delete
  20. Anyone received the answers? If yes, can you forward them to strangers_rams@yahoo.com ? Thank You

    ReplyDelete

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